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USDA forecasts large crop yields for 2010

John Grimes-
I must admit that it has been some time since I have shared an article with you through this newspaper. In case you weren’t aware, I had hip replacement surgery last month and have just started back to work on a part-time basis. I hope to return to a full work schedule as we move into the holiday season.
    Regardless, please call the Extension Office with your agriculture and natural resources questions and we will do our best to address your concerns on a timely basis.
Don’t pass up rare opportunity to make fall  fertilizer applications                                                                                                                                                                                                With corn and soybean harvest ahead of schedule in Ohio, farmers are encouraged to make their fertilizer applications now.
    “This is a rare opportunity for farmers,” said Robert Mullen, an Ohio State University Extension fertility specialist. “With harvest about two weeks early, on average, they can get quite a bit of fertilizer applications down this fall and avoid that frozen ground application in the winter.”
    Mullen, who also holds an appointment with the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center, said that phosphorus and nitrogen are the two main fertilizer inputs made to the soil and extra care should be taken with how both are managed.
    “Soil test, soil test, soil test,” said Mullen. “Know what your nutrient status is. If you don’t need phosphorus, don’t apply it. Point blank. End of story. There is no agronomic benefit to applying more phosphorus than is needed.” If a phosphorus application is required, specifically as an input from manure, Mullen encourages farmers to follow best management practice recommendations on application amounts.
    “From a water quality protection perspective, if any material is applied in the fall, we would prefer it be incorporated or applied to a field that has a growing crop,” said Mullen. “Incorporation allows phosphorus, specifically, to be bound to soil particles decreasing its risk of transport. An active growing crop will have the opportunity to absorb some of the nutrients from the application.     
   Additionally, avoid surface applications if large rainfall events are called for in the short term weather forecast. “
    Mullen said that if there is no incentive to apply phosphorus from manure then don’t do it, especially if a grower may run the risk of losing any nitrogen over the winter months in the process.
    “This may not be the best time to apply nitrogen because of higher soil temperatures and our weather pattern,” said Mullen. “If you apply manure now, you may lose a good fraction of that nitrogen when springtime rolls around.”
    For farmers who may wait until frozen ground to make manure applications, Mullen recommends they follow these tips:
    • Make sure there is some field residue to a physical impediment to prevent the fertilizer from running off the field into a water source.
    • Minimize application rates from an environmental standpoint. “If you minimize the rate, then you minimize the risk,” said Mullen.
    • Have a setback distance from any water source, generally 200 feet.
    “If you can get into your fields and make fall applications, then some of these may not be a big concern this winter,” said Mullen.
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USDA forecasts large
yields for 2010 crops

    Aided by mild and dry conditions in October, U.S. soybean growers are forecast to set a new production record this year, according to the Crop Production report, released today by the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS).
    Soybean production is forecast at 3.38 billion bushels, up 0.5 percent from the previous record, set in 2009. Based on Oct. 1 conditions, soybean yield is expected to average 43.9 bushels per acre, down 0.2 percent from 2009. Growers are expected to harvest a record-high 76.8 million acres of soybeans, 0.6 percent up from last year’s acreage.
    Corn production is forecast at 12.5 billion bushels, down 4.4 percent from last year’s record. The yield is expected to average 154.3 bushels per acre, down 1.5 bushels from the previous forecast. If realized, this will be the third highest yield on record. Corn growers are expected to harvest 81.3 million acres of corn this year, up 2.1 percent from last year’s acreage.
    All cotton production is forecast at 18.4 million bales, up 51.1 percent from last year. U.S. cotton production remains headed for the first production increase since 2005. The cotton yield is forecast at 821 pounds per acre, up 5.7 percent from last year. If realized this will be the fourth largest yield on record.
    Last month, NASS also re-contacted barley, oats, Durum and other spring wheat growers in Idaho, Montana, North Dakota, Oregon, Washington and Wyoming. As a result of the additional surveying, updates have been made to the Small Grains 2010 Summary.
    All wheat production in the United States has been revised to 2.21 billion bushels, down 1 percent from the previous estimate. Oat production is estimated at 81.2 million bushels, down 1 percent from the previous report.
    Barley production is revised to 180 million bushels, down 1 percent from the previous estimate.[[In-content Ad]]

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